ANXIETY DISORDERS ACCORDING TO DSM-IV
In time, various psychopathologists began to question the concept of the neuroses and felt it was no longer useful to maintain this all-inclusive category that had become so broad that it had become devoid of any true meaning from the diagnostic point of view. Starting with the DSM-III (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental Disorders, Third Edition) and especially in the current DSM-IV, the old neuroses have been redistributed amongst the new, more precise diagnostic categories, which include what are now referred to as anxiety disorders.
The DSM describes six main categories: Phobias, Panic Disorder, Generalized Panic Disorder (GAD), Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Acute Stress Disorder. All of these disorders are described in detail on the following pages.
It frequently occurs that a person suffering from an anxiety disorder will also present symptoms considered as characteristic of another anxiety disorder. These are cases of what is referred to as ‘comorbidity’. This depends on two factors. First of all, there is the fact that the symptoms falling into a category of disorders are not entirely specific: for example, the somatic signs of anxiety (sweating, accelerated heartbeat etc.) are common to panic disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder and also Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Secondly, current theories on the origin of the anxiety disorders are applicable to various disorders. For example, it has been proposed that the inability to control stress factors is an important aspect in the origin of both the Phobias and also Generalized Anxiety Disorder.We can now examine the specific disorders in detail
ANXIETY DISORDERS --> INDEX: