PSYCHODRAMA, MUSIC THERAPY, IMAGINATIVE THERAPY, PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE
This is a form of analytical/psychodynamic psychotherapy: its theoretical bases are rooted in psychoanalysis as it was formulated following the post-Freudian and post-Kleinian developments. In the Mental Imagery approach, the ‘Imaginary’ (the realm of images and the imagination) has a fundamental role in the process of representing the internal world of a patient with its many affects (feelings) and desires, defence mechanisms and the content of transference. An essential factor is thus the ‘holding and containing’ function of the therapist, who in his interpretational work takes into consideration his own counter-transference. It should be noted that beneath an image there will be subconscious fantasies, which take on a new meaning in the therapeutic relationship and acquire a fundamental function of promoting knowledge of the internal emotional world of the patient, whose Imaginary tends to be modified in relation to the transformations of his/her internal world. The Imaginary reveals fundamental events in the encounter with fears, frustrations, aspirations, dependence, the asymmetry of the therapeutic relationship and defences relating to painful feelings activated through transference. When a patient is depressed for example, the Imaginary becomes enriched, more dynamic and articulated.
As a therapeutic methodology - and with the aid of a therapist – music therapy allows for a form of communication via alternative channels with respect to the customary verbal exchange, starting from the principle of the individual’s ‘ISO’ (Identité Sonore’) or ‘sound identity’, which uses sounds, music and movement to open up channels of communication and a window onto the inner world of the individual. From the therapeutic point of view, intervention becomes an active multi-sensory, relational, emotional and cognitive stimulation, used for various purposes, such as prevention, rehabilitation and support in order to attain a fuller integration on the intrapersonal and interpersonal planes, improved equilibrium and psycho-physical harmony. Music therapy adopts a holistic approach, which addresses both the spiritual and physical dimensions: at one and the same time, sounds provoke emotional reactions and physiological responses, and thus, with this kind of therapeutic intervention, the mind and body are considered as a single unit. Music therapy solicits a subject’s involvement, contributes towards a reawakening of the will in lethargic patients or moderating excessive impetuosity in people that are aggressive with others. There are various possible fields of application of this approach. The technique has been particularly useful in the improvement of disorders caused by anxiety and stress. Music therapy sessions can be very effective in relaxing subjects who are too tense or, inversely, may restore optimism and vitality in individuals suffering from moments of lethargy and depression.
>>> (Character-Analytic Vegetotherapy)